Labor market inclusion in theory and practice: The Labor Market Effects of Gender Dysphoria: Evidence from Sweden

Primary Investigator for Labor market inclusion in theory and practice: Prof. Johanna Rickne (the Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University).

Project leader for the project on Gender Dysphoria: Emma von Essen, PhD (Department of Sociology, Uppsala University).

Collaborators: Ian Burn, PhD (University of Liverpool), Ylva Moberg, PhD (the Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University) and Lucas Tilley, PhD (the Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University).

Funder: Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (known as FORTE in Swedish) has funded the project as a whole, while the data utilized in the project on Gender Dysphoria has been purchased through funding by The Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences (known as KVA in Swedish).

Duration: July 2019 – December 2025.

Project description: Previous research identifies transgender persons as one of the most vulnerable groups in society. At the same time, the transgender population is increasing rapidly. In Sweden, for example, only 700 persons had received a gender dysphoria diagnosis in 2004, compared to around 6,000 persons in 2018. Despite this, there is little quantitative research and no population study on the health and socioeconomic living conditions of transgender individuals. The project aims to increase the understanding of the health, labor market, and educational effects of going through a transition process in Sweden while studying the interlinkage of two theoretical modalities of oppression: one based on gender and another based on being trans. To this end, we compare socioeconomic outcomes of transgender persons with cis-persons using data on the whole population of Sweden over the period 1973-2020. In a first study, we explore the short-run labor market and educational effects of different parts of the transition process. In a second study, we examine the long-run effects of a gender transition.

Last modified: 2022-03-22